Conexión a la base de datos en Laravel 5

Para configurar la conexión a la base de datos en Laravel 5, tenemos que ir al fichero config/database.php.
Laravel nos da la posibilidad de conectarnos a diferentes tipos de sgbd, para ello incluye drivers para gran parte de ellos.

En esta versión de Laravel se ha decidido crear un fichero de configuración global llamado .env que está en la raiz del proyecto, a mi no acaba de convencerme y por tanto no lo voy a usar en las configuraciones.

En mi caso voy a configurar la conexión con MySQL.

<?php

return [

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| PDO Fetch Style
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| By default, database results will be returned as instances of the PHP
	| stdClass object; however, you may desire to retrieve records in an
	| array format for simplicity. Here you can tweak the fetch style.
	|
	*/

	'fetch' => PDO::FETCH_CLASS,

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Default Database Connection Name
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| Here you may specify which of the database connections below you wish
	| to use as your default connection for all database work. Of course
	| you may use many connections at once using the Database library.
	|
	*/

	'default' => 'mysql',

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Database Connections
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| Here are each of the database connections setup for your application.
	| Of course, examples of configuring each database platform that is
	| supported by Laravel is shown below to make development simple.
	|
	|
	| All database work in Laravel is done through the PHP PDO facilities
	| so make sure you have the driver for your particular database of
	| choice installed on your machine before you begin development.
	|
	*/

	'connections' => [

		'sqlite' => [
			'driver'   => 'sqlite',
			'database' => storage_path().'/database.sqlite',
			'prefix'   => '',
		],
                // Configuramos la conexión con MySQL
		'mysql' => [
			'driver'    => 'mysql',
			'host'      => 'localhost',
			'database'  => 'pruebas',
			'username'  => 'root',
			'password'  => '', // Mi usuario root de mi servidor no tiene contraseña por comodidad
			'charset'   => 'utf8',
			'collation' => 'utf8_unicode_ci',
			'prefix'    => '',
			'strict'    => false,
		],

		'pgsql' => [
			'driver'   => 'pgsql',
			'host'     => env('DB_HOST', 'localhost'),
			'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'forge'),
			'username' => env('DB_USERNAME', 'forge'),
			'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD', ''),
			'charset'  => 'utf8',
			'prefix'   => '',
			'schema'   => 'public',
		],

		'sqlsrv' => [
			'driver'   => 'sqlsrv',
			'host'     => env('DB_HOST', 'localhost'),
			'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'forge'),
			'username' => env('DB_USERNAME', 'forge'),
			'password' => env('DB_PASSWORD', ''),
			'prefix'   => '',
		],

	],

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Migration Repository Table
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| This table keeps track of all the migrations that have already run for
	| your application. Using this information, we can determine which of
	| the migrations on disk haven't actually been run in the database.
	|
	*/

	'migrations' => 'migrations',

	/*
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	| Redis Databases
	|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
	|
	| Redis is an open source, fast, and advanced key-value store that also
	| provides a richer set of commands than a typical key-value systems
	| such as APC or Memcached. Laravel makes it easy to dig right in.
	|
	*/

	'redis' => [

		'cluster' => false,

		'default' => [
			'host'     => '127.0.0.1',
			'port'     => 6379,
			'database' => 0,
		],

	],

];

Con esto ya tendremos configurada la base de datos para empezar a trabajar con ella dentro del proyecto de Laravel 5.

Más información:
http://laravel.com/docs/5.0/database#configuration

Victor

Autor: Victor

Desarrollador web - Formador online - Blogger

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